Fire Risk Assessment
The Regulatory Reform (Fire Safety) Order requires Fire Risk Assessments of premises to be undertaken, this includes the common parts of blocks of flats too.
Given that most fires occur in domestic dwellings, it was recognised that a block of flats, as a building containing many such dwellings, had the potential for a higher risk to people should fire break out. Accordingly, the fire safety standards that were developed to address this risk sought to afford the same level of safety found in houses to those living in blocks of flats. These standards have been embodied in Building Regulations, which, now as then, ensure that adequate fire safety provisions are incorporated in blocks of flats when they are constructed.
Epica Health & Safety undertake detailed Fire Risk Assessments to comply with the Regulatory Reform (Fire Safety) Order and relevant statutory provisions. We are able to carry out fire risk assessments in the following areas:
- Offices and shops
- Factories and warehouses
- Sleeping accommodation
- Residential care premises
- Purpose built blocks of flats – Low Rise and High Rise
- Educational premises
- Small and medium places of assembly
- Large places of assembly
- Theatres, cinemas and similar premises
- Open air events and venues
- Healthcare premises
- Animal premises and stables
- Transport premises and facilities
- Construction Industry
Types of Fire Risk Assessment undertaken by Epica Health & Safety
Our approach is to use PAS 79 methodology for undertaking a fire risk assessment. You can ensure you receive a report covering all relevant aspects of fire safety. The 9 separate steps to carrying out a fire risk assessment are outlined in PAS 79:
- Obtain information on the building, the processes carried out in the building and the people present, or likely to be present, in the building;
- Identify the fire hazards and the means for their elimination or control;
- Assess the likelihood of a fire;
- Determine the fire protection measures in the building;
- Obtain relevant information about fire safety management;
- Make assessment of the likely consequences to people in the event of fire;
- Make an assessment of the fire risk;
- Formulate and document an action plan;
- Define the date by which the fire risk assessment should be reviewed.
Types of Fire Risk Assessment undertaken by Epica Health & Safety for Construction Industry
Construction fire safety needs to be managed from the earliest stages of design and procurement and needs to address the risks both to site workers and to site neighbours.
Our approach is to use HSG:168 Fire in Construction methodology for undertaking a construction fire risk assessment. In outline, the risk assessment will deliver for those with control over construction work can demonstrate that they have:
- recognised the risks in their workplaces
- considered who will be affected
- assessed the extent of the risks
- come to an informed decision on the necessary action to reduce them
- ensured that the actions decided are implemented
Types of Fire Risk Assessment undertaken by Epica Health & Safety for Apartment Blocks
Type 1 assessment – Non-destructive assessment of the common parts of a building.
- Completion of the PAS79 fire risk assessment
- Consideration of the external materials of the building
- Consideration of compartmentation between common areas and the flats
- Inspection of a sample of service risers on all floors
- Inspection above a sample of readily accessible demountable false ceilings if present
- Inspection of a sample of flat front doors
- Comprehensive assessment report to include the significant findings, issues identified and actions required
- Entry into the flats beyond the front door is not included in a type 1 survey.
Type 2 assessment – Destructive inspection of the common parts of a building.
- All of the items in a type 1 assessment
- Inspection of areas of construction in the common parts by use of a camera and borescope as appropriate
- Inspection of areas of construction in the common parts opened up as necessary
- Entry into the flats beyond the front door is not included in a type 1 survey
Type 3 assessment – Non-destructive inspection of the common parts of a building and the flats.
- All of the items in a type 1 assessment
- Plus the following in a sample of flats:
- Consideration of compartmentation between flats
- Consideration of the fire resistance of doors between rooms
- Consideration of the means of escape from the flat
- Consideration of the means of fire detection in the flat
- Testing of the smoke alarm (where present) in the flat
Type 4 assessment – Destructive inspection of the common parts of a building and the flats.
- All of the items in types 1, 2 and 3 assessments and:
- Inspection of areas of construction in the flats by use of a camera and borescope as appropriate
- Inspection of areas of construction in the flats opened up as necessary