Most fires are preventable. Those responsible for workplaces and other buildings to which the public have access can avoid them by taking responsibility for and adopting the right behaviours and procedures.
Employers, and/or building owners or occupiers, must carry out a fire safety risk assessment and keep it up to date. This shares the same approach as health and safety risk assessments and can be carried out either as part of an overall risk assessment or as a separate exercise.
Based on the findings of the assessment, employers need to ensure that adequate and appropriate fire safety measures are in place to minimise the risk of injury or loss of life in the event of a fire.
The Regulatory Reform (Fire Safety) Order covers general fire safety in England and Wales.
In Scotland, requirements on general fire safety are covered in Part 3 of the Fire (Scotland) Act, supported by the Fire Safety (Scotland) Regulations.
In most premises, local fire and rescue authorities are responsible for enforcing this fire safety legislation. However, HSE has enforcement responsibility on construction sites, for nuclear premises, and on ships under construction or undergoing repair.
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